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Local Elections 2022

Te kōwhiringa pōti 2022

Our next local election is on Saturday 8 October 2022.

The elections are held every three years by postal vote.

If you are an enrolled voter, you’ll get a voting information pack in the mail. Check or update your postal address to make sure you receive your voting papers.

Voting papers will be sent to all eligible voters from Friday 16 September 2022.

Voting will close at 12 noon on 8 October 2022.

Key dates for the 2022 local election

Ngā rā whakahirahira mō te kōwhiringa pōti ā-rohe 2022

Now is the right time to consider being a candidate in the local elections.

If you are enrolled on the parliamentary electoral roll, you can expect to get your voting papers sometime between 16 and 21 September 2022.

Voting will be open from Friday 16 September and closes at 12 noon on Saturday 8 October 2022.

Election Key Dates

What’s different for local elections in 2022?

A few things have changed for voters in Masterton since the last local elections.

  • We have reduced the number of councillors from ten to eight as part of our Representation Review.
  • We’re introducing one district-wide Māori ward in this election.

What is a Māori ward?

Māori wards are a mechanism through which councils can both achieve better representation of Māori members of their communities in council decision-making, and ensure Māori issues are much more visible within council thinking and processes. Only Māori enrolled on the Māori electoral roll for the 2022 elections will vote for and be represented by candidates standing in a Māori Ward. Māori wards sit alongside the general wards.  

Who can stand for election in a Māori ward?

Any New Zealand citizen, on the electoral roll, who is nominated by two other Masterton Māori roll electors, can stand for election in a Māori Ward. Candidates cannot stand for both the General and Māori wards. Candidates standing for election in Māori wards do not have to be of Māori descent.  

You can only vote for candidates in the ward you are enrolled in (general or Māori). All electors from the general and Māori wards are able to vote for the Mayor and any candidates who stand at large

You can check which roll you are on by visiting the Electoral Commission website vote.nz  The Electoral Roll is used for both local government elections and central government elections. If you are of Māori descent, you can enrol in either the general or the Māori electoral rolls. If you are not of Māori descent, you can only enrol on the general electoral roll.  

Do Māori ward councillors only represent Māori

Yes, but all councillors, including the Māori Ward councillor, have to act in their decision-making, in the best interests of the whole Masterton community.  

Why do we have a Māori ward when we already have Iwi representatives?

The option of Māori wards was developed by parliament to enhance the role of all Māori in local government. One of the requirements of the Local Government Act 2002 is to facilitate participation by Māori in local authority decision-making
processes.

Our district benefits from the knowledge and expertise of our Iwi representatives however these appointed members do not have a vote at Council.

Some useful terms

At-large  

Means electors from across the whole of the authority area vote for their preferred candidates, regardless of where they live or what electoral roll they are on. The mayor is always elected at-large. The term at-large is used where there are no wards. Councils can have mixed arrangements with Wards and At Large.  


Council
  

Councils are elected bodies that enable democratic decision-making by and for local communities. Councils make decisions about local issues and services, having regard to local needs and priorities, recognising that not all communities are the same, nor do they have the same issues. The district of Masterton is represented by Masterton District Council (MDC). Council has the same meaning as local authority and territorial authority.  


Councillor 
 

Every Council is to consist of not fewer than 5 councillors and no more than 29 councillors. Councillors are elected to represent their communities for three-year terms. There is no limit on the number of terms they may serve. There is no specific job description for councillors. However, as representatives and leaders of their communities, their role involves setting policies, making regulatory decisions and reviewing council performance.  


Effective Representation 
 

Councils must ensure effective representation of communities of interest. Achieving effective representation requires identifying communities of interest that are geographically distinct or that may be spread across the district. As far as practicable, the following further factors need to be considered when determining effective representation for the local authority:  

  • avoiding arrangements that may create barriers to participation, for example, not recognising residents’ familiarity and identity with an area during elections 
  • not splitting recognised communities of interest between electoral subdivisions 
  • not grouping together two or more communities of interest that have few common interests 
  • accessibility, size, and configuration of an area, including: the population’s reasonable access to its elected members and vice versa; and the elected members ability to effectively represent the views of their electoral areaand provide reasonably even representation across the area.  


Fair Representation 
 

Fair representation of communities of interest means that membership of wards is required to provide approximate population equality per member, that is, all votes are of approximately equal value.  


General Ward 
 

In relation to the district of a territorial authority, means every ward of the district that is not a Māori ward. Electors registered on the General Electoral Roll will vote in the general ward.  


Geographic Ward 
 

If a community is identified as having a strong overlap of their perceptual, functional, and political community of interest and they are located within a discrete geographic area, a geographic ward or constituency with defined boundaries within the territorial authority limits may be established as long as the +/- 10% rule which ensures a fair ratio of councillors to population between wards can be applied. Alternatively, to offer fair and effective representation if a community is significantly isolated, a geographic ward with defined boundaries within the territorial authority limits may be established.  


Local Government Commission
  

The Local Government Commission is an independent body established by legislation. Its members are appointed by the Minister of Local Government. The Commission’s role and functions are also established by legislation.  

The Local Government Commission has a general role of promoting good local government in New Zealand. In part, this is achieved by the functions of:  

  • providing information about local government 
  • promoting good practice relating to a local authority or to local government generally 

The Commission also has specific functions to consider, including:  

  • appeals and objections against final local authority representation review proposals and also proposals not complying with statutory fair representation requirements (the ‘+/- 10% rule’).
  • appeals against a territorial authority decision not to constitute communities and community boards 

  

Māori Ward  

Means a Māori ward created in accordance with Schedule 1A of the Local Electoral Act 2001. In relation to the district of a territorial authority, means every ward of the district that is not a General ward. Electors registered on the Māori Electoral Roll will vote in the Māori ward. Ward Means a ward established under the Local Electoral Act and resulting from the division, for electoral purposes, of the district of a territorial authority. 


Ward  

Means a ward established under the Local Electoral Act and resulting from the division, for electoral purposes, of the district of a territorial authority. 

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a Māori ward?

Māori wards are a mechanism through which councils can both achieve better representation of Māori members of their communities in council decision-making, and ensure Māori issues are much more visible within council thinking and processes. Only Māori enrolled on the Māori electoral roll for the 2022 elections will vote for and be represented by candidates standing in a Māori Ward. Māori wards sit alongside the general wards.  

Who can stand for election in a Māori ward?

Any New Zealand citizen, on the electoral roll, who is nominated by two other Masterton Māori roll electors, can stand for election in a Māori Ward. Candidates cannot stand for both the General and Māori wards. Candidates standing for election in Māori wards do not have to be of Māori descent.  

You can only vote for candidates in the ward you are enrolled in (general or Māori). All electors from the general and Māori wards are able to vote for the Mayor and any candidates who stand at large

You can check which roll you are on by visiting the Electoral Commission website vote.nz  The Electoral Roll is used for both local government elections and central government elections. If you are of Māori descent, you can enrol in either the general or the Māori electoral rolls. If you are not of Māori descent, you can only enrol on the general electoral roll.  

Do Māori ward councillors only represent Māori

Yes, but all councillors, including the Māori Ward councillor, have to act in their decision-making, in the best interests of the whole Masterton community.  

Why do we have a Māori ward when we already have Iwi representatives?

The option of Māori wards was developed by parliament to enhance the role of all Māori in local government. One of the requirements of the Local Government Act 2002 is to facilitate participation by Māori in local authority decision-making
processes.

Our district benefits from the knowledge and expertise of our Iwi representatives however these appointed members do not have a vote at Council.

Some useful terms

At-large  

Means electors from across the whole of the authority area vote for their preferred candidates, regardless of where they live or what electoral roll they are on. The mayor is always elected at-large. The term at-large is used where there are no wards. Councils can have mixed arrangements with Wards and At Large.  


Council
  

Councils are elected bodies that enable democratic decision-making by and for local communities. Councils make decisions about local issues and services, having regard to local needs and priorities, recognising that not all communities are the same, nor do they have the same issues. The district of Masterton is represented by Masterton District Council (MDC). Council has the same meaning as local authority and territorial authority.  


Councillor 
 

Every Council is to consist of not fewer than 5 councillors and no more than 29 councillors. Councillors are elected to represent their communities for three-year terms. There is no limit on the number of terms they may serve. There is no specific job description for councillors. However, as representatives and leaders of their communities, their role involves setting policies, making regulatory decisions and reviewing council performance.  


Effective Representation 
 

Councils must ensure effective representation of communities of interest. Achieving effective representation requires identifying communities of interest that are geographically distinct or that may be spread across the district. As far as practicable, the following further factors need to be considered when determining effective representation for the local authority:  

  • avoiding arrangements that may create barriers to participation, for example, not recognising residents’ familiarity and identity with an area during elections 
  • not splitting recognised communities of interest between electoral subdivisions 
  • not grouping together two or more communities of interest that have few common interests 
  • accessibility, size, and configuration of an area, including: the population’s reasonable access to its elected members and vice versa; and the elected members ability to effectively represent the views of their electoral areaand provide reasonably even representation across the area.  


Fair Representation 
 

Fair representation of communities of interest means that membership of wards is required to provide approximate population equality per member, that is, all votes are of approximately equal value.  


General Ward 
 

In relation to the district of a territorial authority, means every ward of the district that is not a Māori ward. Electors registered on the General Electoral Roll will vote in the general ward.  


Geographic Ward 
 

If a community is identified as having a strong overlap of their perceptual, functional, and political community of interest and they are located within a discrete geographic area, a geographic ward or constituency with defined boundaries within the territorial authority limits may be established as long as the +/- 10% rule which ensures a fair ratio of councillors to population between wards can be applied. Alternatively, to offer fair and effective representation if a community is significantly isolated, a geographic ward with defined boundaries within the territorial authority limits may be established.  


Local Government Commission
  

The Local Government Commission is an independent body established by legislation. Its members are appointed by the Minister of Local Government. The Commission’s role and functions are also established by legislation.  

The Local Government Commission has a general role of promoting good local government in New Zealand. In part, this is achieved by the functions of:  

  • providing information about local government 
  • promoting good practice relating to a local authority or to local government generally 

The Commission also has specific functions to consider, including:  

  • appeals and objections against final local authority representation review proposals and also proposals not complying with statutory fair representation requirements (the ‘+/- 10% rule’).
  • appeals against a territorial authority decision not to constitute communities and community boards 

  

Māori Ward  

Means a Māori ward created in accordance with Schedule 1A of the Local Electoral Act 2001. In relation to the district of a territorial authority, means every ward of the district that is not a General ward. Electors registered on the Māori Electoral Roll will vote in the Māori ward. Ward Means a ward established under the Local Electoral Act and resulting from the division, for electoral purposes, of the district of a territorial authority. 


Ward  

Means a ward established under the Local Electoral Act and resulting from the division, for electoral purposes, of the district of a territorial authority. 

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